Female sterilization is a non-reversible form of birth control.
Per Planned Parenthood, there are a few different types of tubal sterilization procedures:
- Tubal ligation is a surgical procedure that permanently closes, cuts, or removes pieces of your fallopian tubes.
- Bilateral salpingectomy is a surgical procedure that removes your fallopian tubes entirely.
- Essure sterilization is a tiny coil that a doctor puts in your fallopian tubes to block them — it used to be a common form of sterilization, but Essure is no longer available in the U.S.
It is important to remember that sterilization is permanent so make sure that you are absolutely certain that you don’t want to get pregnant for the rest of your life. “While sterilization is a safe and effective surgical procedure that permanently prevents pregnancy, sterilization does not protect again STDs (Sexual Transmitted Diseases). You will still need to use condoms during sex to help lower your chances of getting or spreading STDs.”
In the wake of the US Supreme Court ruling overturning Roe v. Wade and the constitutional right to an abortion, the number of sterilization requests have been increasing.